Jews in Germany were identified by the stars they had on their chest or piece of clothing, they were seen as of less inferiority than the Germans. Moreover, the Germans identified them as the eternal enemies by categorising them as a semitic race; legislations, sanctions, and laws vary when implemented on Germans, Jews, dark-skinned, or people of a lower social status.
Their social, educational, and career life were mainly affected due to inequality. Segregation actions were taken to ensure that Jews had no influence on Germans or the rest of the population, that they considered eligible to be treated fairly. Jews were not allowed to maintain a social life because law enforcement prohibited them from eating in restaurants, attending theatres, or practicing sport by swimming. Adding to that, if they would like to breath some fresh air and visit parks, they would have to sit on allocated benches, and these were the ones drenched in a yellow. Jews were also dismissed from all schools and educational institutions, their own private schools were shutdown, books written by Jewish authors thrown out, and were remained without any source of education. Jews were also stripped off their driver’s licences not permitting them to own cars or even use public means of transportation.Back then, the Jews had established camps and charity organisations to provide support and aid the Jews during this rough period.
Freedom from Discrimination
Discrimination existed in Germany in pressuring ways that articulated into two main figures, the mental and the physical coercion. The Nazi government and the citizens of Germany had so much hate towards the jews that they intimidated them in public places like the streets, sidestepped them from groups, and segregated from the rest of the citizens and residents of Germany. They were bullied in every form possible and that significantly impacted their physical and mental health.
Major physical health issues resulted and significant discovering of mental sicknesses due to extensive forms of compulsion. The Jews of Germany tried to seek asylum to help protect them from the cruelty of the Nazi regime at the time, but due to the financial crises and other discriminative considerations they were refused by most surrounding countries. Failed asylum pursuits resulted in jews trying to hide in camps and in places where they had little contact with citizens, residents, and the government.
Right to Life, Liberty, and Personal Security
Nowadays, in some university dormitories, a curfew rule is created to mark the time students must get back to gain access to premises Back then, Jews’ movements were limited as they had restrictions on their privilege, for example they couldn’t go out after 20:00. Talking about “Right to Life”, Jews were not permitted to own or visit pharmacies which jeopardised their life if they every got sick. Moreover, the government’s intention was to dishonour their rights and so that meant if they ever felt endangered, there is no one to protect and defend them. Since their movements were restricted and was life-threatening, they tried to live a solitary life.
As mentioned above, they mainly tried to seek help and aid from Jewish charities. Moreover, they tried seeking asylum and escape but it was greatly difficult at the time.
Freedom for Slavery
The Nazi government used the Jews in forced labour and in means of exchanging goods and services with neighbouring European countries. It developed a feeling of worthlessness, disgrace, vanity, and ignorance as they were pressured physically through forced labour, and mentally through exploiting means.
As mentioned before, the only solution would be escape for the Jewish community in Germany. What could have been done is that Jewish businessmen residing overseas could have exchanged goods and services with jewish people in order to save them from the cruelty of the regime.
Right to Nationality and Freedom to change it
The Nazi government refused applications of citizenship from any person that does not have pure german blood. “A person descended from at least three grandparents who are full Jews by race” – Imperial War Museum, Holocaust Exhibition. Meaning that under the German law back then, they couldn’t have gained the citizenship in any way. Jewish people in Germany had identity cards to help the government understand who they are dealing with. On their identity cards, the letter “J” was imprinted to represent the ‘Juden’ community, and that restricted their access to other countries around the world.
The Jewish community is known to have a strong family and relatives bond. They were pressured physically and mentally but still were able to maintain the bond. As a result, the Jewish community in Nazi-Germany connected with their community in the United States and requested to flee to the states. Some of them were successful and some where not.
Right to Marriage and Family
Laws implied by the Nazi government under the ‘The Nuremberg Laws’ also stated adding to the restrictions on citizenship, they also restricted marriage opportunities. The laws stated that they are not allowed to pursue marriage with pure blood Germans which prevents them from forming a family. Jewish people were restricted to their own community meaning that marriage was in between each other. Sanctions were enforced on Jewish people that tried to form families with German citizens.
Right to Own Property
As mentioned above, there were many forms of bullying on Jewish people. Jewish people were not allowed to properly run businesses, the German community prevented customers from accessing their stores, shops, businesses, restaurants, and cafes. Furthermore, established laws disallowed Jews from purchasing/owning property.
Prior to the law being enforced, Jewish people owned businesses and properties, but after the law was introduced, they were stripped of their properties and had to rely on charitable organisations and financial aid. If they wished to leave the country, they had to sell what they owned at an underestimated price or just leave them.
Freedom of Belief and Religion
“A Jew who converts to Christianity remains a Jew” – Imperial War Museum, Holocaust Exhibition. That mainly restricted their freedom of belief and religion. Moreover, they were also restricted on religion practicing because judaism was labelled as a sinister religion. Jewish people had to label themselves as non-jews in order to protect their rights and fit in the german society. Most of them were successful and others were not.
Right to Desirable Work
At some point Jews lost their right to perform work. Not being able to perform any work means you will not be able to financially support yourself or your family. As a result, some people were not granted access to essential needs like food, water, shelter, or even medical assistance. That result in sickness or death. Again, charities and overseas Jewish businessmen were trying to provide support.
Right to Adequate Living Standards
Since jews were not allowed to own property or settle anywhere in the UK due to what I have mentioned earlier. Jews back when the Nazi-government was in rule had to reside in what twas referred to as ‘ghettos’. Living standards were non-humanitarian. It was overcrowded, little access to food and water, and living essentials were not met.
With such horrible living standards, people are expected to get sick, develop diseases, get mentally disturbed, and weakened overtime. Since they had little access to food, some died of starvation and malnutrition. Moreover, in order to avoid escape from the ghetto community, the german-nazi police had to be present. Their presence came along with violent treatments against the Jews, they even used weaponry force on some jews that tried to flee the ghettos. Death sanctions were put in force for law-breakers. If any Jew flees the site, he/she would suffer death penalties and harsh jurisdictions. As a result, they had to stay in their crowded, sick communities where diseases were spread and people were dying.
Right to Education
As mentioned in the 1st Article, Jews were not granted educational rights. Jews were dismissed from all schools and educational institutions, their own private schools were shutdown, books written by Jewish authors thrown out, and were remained without any source of education.
On the short-term, the impact was pretty much mental. Jewish students were not able to establish and develop their knowledgable pillars or maintain skills that could help flourish and grow in the future. On the long-term, it impacted their physical state as they were not able to get jobs that would financially support them. Meaning that they could not get access to essentials living needs. Lots of Jews tried to hide the fact that they are jewish or that they practice the jewish religion, but the identified, they were sanctioned.