The common causes are mental illnesses, for example
Borderline Personality Disorder
Major Depressive Disorder
Postromantic Stress Disorder
Illegal drugs and alcohol is another cause. Heavy drinking and certain drugs just like ecstasy and LSD can often make you see and hear things that aren’t there, sometimes as you are consuming them especially in large doses and sometimes as you quit using them after a long time.
When a person is suffering from the Alzheimer’s disease in its late stages, that person might also start hearing unreal voices.
Brain tumors, hearing things doesn’t mean you have a brain tumor but, it could happen when a tumor is in the part of the brain that deals with hearing. You might hear anything from random sounds to actual voices.
Epilepsy: “is a central nervous system (neurological) disorder in which brain activity becomes abnormal, causing seizures or periods of unusual behavior, sensations, and sometimes loss of awareness”.
When seizures from epilepsy affect the area in a human’s brain that works on processing hearing, that person might hear a buzzing sound or certain voices. In some cases, it warps how you hear things, so they’re not as loud or clear.
People with hearing loss in one or both ears might hear voices from odd sounds to music and voices, none of which are really there.6. High fevers and infections are also a cause, some infections like encephalitis and meningitis can make you hear things, along with the other symptoms. The same is applies to high fevers.Diagnosis:
1. When doctors are trying to find out the condition of their patient that is hearing voices, they ask questions like
What are you hearing? Voices? Buzzing? Other sounds?
When did it start?
Does it tend to happen at certain times, like as you’re falling asleep?
Do you have any other symptoms when it happens?
If it’s voices, are they threatening, rude, pleasant, or normal?
What medicines are you taking?
Are you using any other drugs?
After that, they get some tests based on what the doctor thinks might be the cause. The goal of all these questions is to help your doctor narrow down what might be happening. For example:
The person /might need to see a psychiatrist to check for a mental illness.
They might also get an electroencephalogram (EEG), which measures electrical signals in your brain to look for epilepsy.
Or a hearing exam to check for hearing loss or tinnitus.
The treatment depends on what’s causing the patient to hear things in some causes after they solve what causing it the hallucinations go awaya. In some causes the solutions are very easy and don’t need much time for example:
The doctor lowering your dose of medicine
In other situations, the treatment is more complicated and requires the patient to try several things to know which solutions suits them best. For example: Schizophrenia: they might need a mix of medications, therapy and other care.
Therapy can be given in a variety of formats, including:
Individual: patient and therapist
Group: Two or more patients may participate in therapy at the same time. Patients are able to share experiences and learn that others feel the same way and have had the same experiences.
Marital/couples: This type of therapy helps life partners and understand why their loved one has a mental disorder and try to cope with it by using certain strategies and changing certain behaviors that can would help, especially if the couple are struggling with their relationship.
Family: family has a huge role on an individual, their family members should know the requirements of the certain treatment and be able to help the family member that’s going through.