The Big Bang Theory is an American sitcom (situational comedy), created by Bill Prady and Chuck Lorre. With over 280 episodes in 12 seasons, published since 2007, it is one the most popular TV series in the world. According to the IMDb Most Popular TV Shows chart, The Big Bang Theory is on place 8 in May 2019. The show consists of mostly 22 minutes long episodes, about 20 episodes in one season. To start with the definition of sitcom, situational comedy is a genre in which repetitive characters shows the audience some humorous events from their fictive lives, in daily environments such as home, workplace and so forth. In the case of The Big Bang Theory, the repetitive characters are a group of geeky and introvert scientists, in the main cast Leonard Hofstadter and Sheldon Cooper whose lives changed with the impression of their new, attractive neighbour Penny. Throughout the seasons, the daily life full of science of the trio is performed in a brilliantly way, filled with comedy elements. The sitcom mostly includes themes as science fiction culture, religion, racism, but also general topics like social life and politics. The humour in the show is mostly based on sarcasm, the use of puns and references to the modern American culture. Although the humour about scientific situations is not as much challenging as the American culture part, it is still a challenge to transfer the meaning of the puns into a different language, which the part of the study will show. To understand the comparison of the translations better, I would like to give a little background to the characters:Penny: A waitress with the hope to become an artist. Also, she is the neighbour of Leonard and Sheldon. The show based on the contrast of the “Blondie” Penny and the scientist Leonard and Sheldon.
Sheldon: A prodigy, who got his PhD at the age of 16. Besides being clever, he is quite obsessive and introverted.
Leonard: An experimental scientist on physics, with a very high IQ level. Besides his academic life, he is just a normal geek, who loves comics, online and role-playing games. He is in some parts of the sitcom in relationship with Penny.