Most of the middle school students in USA suffer stress during the middle schooling due to varied reasons. Their stressed condition impacts their competency as well. The middle school students of USA are often victim of bullying and intimidation. The male students are more prone to victimization and the colored males are even more. The reading habits of the middle school students also vary considerably based on their gender. The female students show more positive response to the reading habits and recreational activities while the males lag behind the females.The middle school students of USA are also found to be well conscious of the quality of life. Several researches have been conducted in order to record extent of satisfaction that this age group enjoys. It is known by these researches that a considerable extent of dissatisfaction is found among these students.
Comparison of Traits of Middle School Students with Rest of the Population
When the middle school students of USA are compared with the rest of the population they show higher level of vulnerability to get affected by stress which makes them resort to alcohol and drugs. Moreover, the middle school students are less aware of the counseling factor, therefore, they intend to resolve the issue of victimization, bullying and all other issues which yield stress themselves. As to their age, they are not mature because mostly the USA population steps into the professional life at the age of 25 or so which makes them strong and sturdy. As far as the middle schools students are concerned they are not well composed which makes them suffer. The trends followed by the middle schools students of America are also different from the rest of America because they happen to live in a transition phase and due to lack of critical and logical thinking they indulge in short-time peace-seeking activities. This factor leads to their excessive drinking while the rest of the people of USA mostly stay within prescribed limit and even seek help of their physicians in order to get a better plan for their diet.
Factors leading to Drinking
The driving factor behind use of alcohol by the middle school students is the social context. It involves the trend or vogue of drinking in the American society and a cultural and more acceptable way of dealing with stress and trauma. This major stress and trauma originates primarily form bullying, abuse, victimization and dissatisfaction at homes. As none of these issues is addressed, neither at home nor at home, therefore, the obvious path for the students is get indulged in the habit of drinking which certainly leads to drastic consequences. The impact of language preference has also been found as a major driver in ensuing an urge for drinking in the Americans. Researchers have found that bilingual Americans and the English speaking Americans are more prone to get involved in drinking as compared to monolingual middle school American students. Not only this but also, it has been found via research that the socioeconomic status of a middle school student didn’t play any significant role in commencement of habit of drinking in this early age.
Effects of Alcohol on Middle School Students
Effect on Academic Achievement
The very basic and the most fundamental impact of the use of alcohol by the middle school students is that on their academic achievement. There lies no doubt about the fact that the academic achievements are drastically affected by the use of alcohol. The basic logic of distraction from studies by a new style of drinking is broadly general. Frequent use of alcohol results in consistent and significant decline in the grades of the students. This is one of the most miserable impacts of the use of alcohol. Moreover, this outcome lasts forever because the academic grades go on hand in hand with the other achievements and failures in one’s professional life.
Decline in Sports Activities
Alcoholic students feel lethargic and drowsy at campuses. They cannot enjoy the charm of staying active and agile. Instead they prefer remaining timid and unaddressed. With frequent use of alcohol students may affect their health negatively. This leads to lesser physical activities at school. The sportsman spirit declines eventually and the students’ performance in the sports retards immensely which certainly cast negative implications on many personality aspects of the student. This lagging behind in physical activity and agility stays with the person for the entire life. Therefore, the impact of alcohol is not short-termed instead is a sort of perpetual and long-lasting nature and are drastic as well.
Decline in Health
Alcoholic students tend to have unstable health. They are unhealthy both in terms of physical health as well as mental health. The primary cause is sleeplessness which aided by many other addiction symptoms takes away peace of mind. Resultantly the health of a person declines severely. It is said that for a sound mind there must be a healthy body. Therefore, in an ailing, sleep-deprived and lethargic body no sound mind can exist. This not only disturbs the peace and comfort of the affected student but also of the people who live around him or her. Decline of health in this early age impedes proper growth of the students as well which must continue unaltered and unhindered as least as long as till one reaches eighteenth year of the age.
Intolerant and Anti-Social Behavior
Alcoholic students have tendency to behave in an anti-social manner. They are more prone to quarrels and losing of temperament. With each passing day this capacity keeps on increasing. At times this addiction may lead to suicidal results. In short, alcohol certainly relieves pain and tension but it does so on cost of one’s self-control. When more students come up on the stage with these traits, the society becomes abnormal and tendency of extremis arises in the society.
Vulnerability to Abuse and Bullying
The alcoholic students lose confidence and composure of their personalities. As by dint of alcoholism they lose their health as well so both, physically as well as mentally, they tend to stay vulnerable. These shortcomings are easily exploited by the sturdy bad boys in the campuses which may lead to several detestable experiences of life. This victimization further ruins one’s peace and progress.
Treatment to Cure Alcoholism
Motivational Enhancement Therapy
This therapy is based on the basic assumption that the willingness to recover and rehabilitate originates from within the person. No outside force can help the person realize the need to amend one’s ways. The initial stage of the therapy is steady abstinence. Then conclusive goals are set which are tried to be met with accuracy. This is gradual but one of the most effective treatments employed for rehabilitating alcoholic students. Once the urge to improve things develop in the person within form oneself goals becomes easier to achieve.
The basic principle of this therapy is that it includes involvement of a non-alcoholic spouse in the treatment process. The affection or the emotional bond is used to motivate the alcoholic person to shun the addiction. For alcoholic middle school students a very close friend can also be used in the treatment process. The affection and affiliation between the two persons is used to address the problem and it works as well.
Lose dose medicines can be used initially to treat the drinking problem but it can be used significantly only in the initial phases. Moreover, for the age of middle school students these medicines are of high dose and can potentially other internal organs of their body. But to kill the evil something must be compromised. The most effective practice in this regard is to evaluate the situation and seriousness of the addiction and then to choose the best available practice. The chemical nature of the students’ body, one’s impairments or diseases if any and other essential details must be kept in mind while choosing the treatment or practice to be employed for the rehabilitation process.
Contribution from Society
The society particular close relatives, friends and family of the alcoholic student must take on the responsibility to address the issue. Positive vibes and motivational counseling can help the student recover quite dramatically. This treatment can work the most effectively for this age group because of the emotional imbalance in this age. Once the emotional vibes are directed towards the positive end, things start recovering and improving on their own. In order to ensure that the society takes on the responsibility of addressing the issues a number of ways can be adopted. Some of these are enlisted and briefly described here under.
Awareness Campaigns: Awareness campaigns play the most pivotal role in making a society responsible as well responsive. Once the society becomes responsive it tends to deliver results which generate capacity to address the societal menaces.
Seminars: On local level, local government must introduce several seminars dealing with a new issue every time. These seminars must be periodic and should necessarily be result oriented. Spread of the word as well as answering the queries of the participants must be done. They must be told of the modern means and modes which can aid and assist the process of rehabilitation.
Use of pamphlets: Mini pamphlets must be used to show to the general community the individual as well as collective hazards of alcoholism. The graphic representation must be used in the pamphlets so that understanding the issue and measuring its currency may not become difficult. This will help members of society from every class and age group to know and understand the gravity of the issue.
In the end, the school going students fall prey to alcoholism due to a number of factors. Dissatisfaction, stress and longing to join the so-called modern lineage are some of the predominantly important factors in this regard. This addiction certainly cast negative impacts on the individuals. In order to curtail these effects from commencing a number of treatments and practices are available. As per situation and condition of the individual the best compatible treatment practice must be chosen. In the end, alcoholism, though a personal addiction, imparts its negative impacts on the entire society.