Today, the world stands at a crossroads. In the next few decades, the urban population will be double to 75% of the world’s population. As we can see, 60% of the environment required to contain this new urban population has not yet been built and built.The Cities are the global driving forces of business and innovation, and through a good management they can create jobs, hope and growth while achieving sustainability. With 60% of the area still in need before 2030, the cities are an unrivaled opportunity to form A new urban model and period, where people can create freedom, aspirations, prosperity, and services to build the city that we need, will build the new urban model based on the required guidance through a set of relevant principles, followed by engines for change.
Increased awareness of the risks of climate change and unsustainable models of production, consumption and development provides a new horizon for a renewable and circular economy, beyond the concepts of reuse and recycling to include the reuse and revitalization of environmental systems that support urban life. They allow for a different relationship between free and rural areas and provide a horizon News urban and period -urban agriculture and the foundation of an eco-city that is truly resilient, as access to a new understanding and awareness of the importance of public utility design and a sense of identity puts public places at the forefront of development. Urbanization as a means of greening the city, enhancing the sense of security, providing opportunities for enhanced social interaction, and various forms of expression.
The digital revolution offers new opportunities for efficient and responsive urban services. It provides the city’s residents with new ways and means to engage with public authorities in decision-making that affect their quality of life and livelihoods. It also helps to avoid past mistakes, for example, failure to address needs and priorities Gender and urbanization in urban planning and design, as well as opportunities for cooperative and innovative economic models as well as social contracts that promote solidarity and social cohesion.
In this context, there is an important opportunity to change the model, from the central approach to production where citizens are merely users of the service available to participatory and cooperative models of production that enable people and communities to become real participants and actors in different fields.
The Smart Cities Empowerment and Development Assistance Campaign has been highly acclaimed and has consistently addressed issues related to local governance and urban risk. This guide is one of the main outputs of this fact. It has been subject to design and is always subject to adjustments mainly for government leaders. And policy makers representing all mayors, governors and officials in charge of cities, regions and counties, in a bid to support public policy and decision-making in order to allow the implementation of activities aimed at achieving the primary objective of empowerment and empowerment Resilience.
Smart cities are defined as a city that works in an ambitious and innovative way that covers the economy, population, governance, mobility, environment and living. This innovation is based on an intelligent mix of support and active participation of independent and informed citizens who are able to make decisions.
The cities that we need are characterized by social integration and participation. They are centered on people, characterized by ethics and justice. They also eliminate all forms of physical and spatial separation, discrimination and exclusion. It is a city that values the lives and potential of the population, especially the poor and other disadvantaged groups. It also embraces cultural diversity and guarantees ideological and linguistic differences. Encourages the social integration of migrants and refugees, and encourages all segments, groups and age groups of the population to participate in cultural and social life.
The cities we need are tolerant and embrace all care and people regardless of differences in age, race, creed or gender. They also provide cooperative areas of social integration, guiding democratic decision-making, and promoting shared values and vision for a balanced urban society.
The city we need is affordable, accessible, fair and equitable, where resources are distributed equally and opportunities are available to all. Resources, land, infrastructure, housing facilities, transport, and basic planning and operating services are subject to special consideration to improve access to all segments. Community with the design of public services with the participation of local communities and includes an awareness of the needs, dignity and safety of the society of women, the elderly, children, men, people with special needs and situations and marginalized parties, so that the city knows what we need The people share ownership of public places, which are designed to share them with awareness of including all public and community needs.
The city that we need describes economic efficiency and inclusiveness as it promotes local economic development from the smallest entrepreneurs to the largest companies. It simplifies the services of licensing and other administrative services. It also achieves equal opportunities especially for small and medium enterprises and supports economic development. Through its own contracting and procurement functions.
The city we need also recognizes that health is a prerequisite for achievement, facilitates overall prosperity and supports the right to decent work. The city we need is characterized by collective management and democratic governance. It is based on a participatory approach. It promotes effective partnerships and active participation of all members and partners of the public and private sectors and civil society. It also defends local democracy by encouraging participation, accountability and transparency. A city that needs a sense of community and whose people have the knowledge and the means to express their views on issues , Making the city we need a choice, engaging the right professionals and applying appropriate ethical practices to implement its policies and plans. No intelligent city can only work on an appropriate legislative framework, and this requires reliance on information and communication technology. Cyberspace, as is known by e-government initiatives.
Its logical, organizational and final structure becomes very important for smart applications, citizen protection and participation. The government laws or policies necessary for important Smart City operations are also covered by the following: 1. Privacy protection and preservation of personal information 2. Digital signature recognition and use 3. Business Electronic 4 – filing of electronic files in the public sector 5 – control and prevention of cybercrime 6 – the management of public information in the public sector 7 – management of the partnership between the public and private sectors for e – services projects 8 – Knowledge Management
One of the key features of a particular system is the cyclical nature of its life. It is essential that the components and elements that characterize the operation, the life within the city, reflect sustainability in the city and determine the degree of sustainability in the city.
The challenges and risks associated with urban ecology and sustainability may begin to transcend national, regional and metropolitan boundaries, because large-scale environmental units do not fit into governance units. This requires coordinated interventions at multiple levels of governance and fewer adjacent administrative units , And various actors, including non-governmental actors, such as the business sector and individuals, but there are a number of issues which prevent such coordination, there is often insufficient administrative frameworks and mechanisms for cooperation, making it difficult to achieve Lusk on the policy level, and remains a possibility of a conflict or there are gaps in the areas of coverage and responsibility.
The Local authorities and local communities often lack the decision-making power and resources to address their unique challenges, which can be based on government or national guidance, and large disparities between cities of varying size, age and income make it difficult to formulate national policies . There are not always frameworks and mechanisms for governance, resulting in reduced capacity for long-term planning and the ability to develop a physical, green and appropriate infrastructure.
Of particular concern is the limited contribution of women, the poor, young people, the elderly, persons with physical or mental disabilities, migrants, indigenous peoples and others, who are usually more vulnerable to environmental stresses and shocks. But also often have insight into capacity-building. The exclusion of private sector actors from the policy-making process may also help to address concerns and risks, prioritize them effectively and may actually increase inequalities and environmental inequities and without mechanisms for broad-based participation, Especially by women and other marginalized groups, where they will struggle with policymakers to gain support and risk failure to implement.
The city needs to promote interrelated regional development to coordinate policies and procedures on various issues such as economy, transport, housing, biodiversity, energy, water and waste, within a coherent regional framework, and clearly define the roles and responsibilities among all concerned parties while respecting the principle of subsidiarity, In a strategic and equitable manner, and its focus on a common agenda.
The new urban agenda should encourage interrelated regional development to avoid urban encroachment and natural resource conservation and should guide the reduction of the need to transport goods and people through the provision of appropriate populations, industries, services and educational institutions.
In addition, it should recommend inter-local cooperation to achieve economies of scale and economies of scale, optimal use of resources and prevention of unhealthy discussion between local authorities and other public agencies. The city we need is an incentive for planning for sustainability in various jurisdictions in the region where you are located. And actively seeks to coordinate and implement policies, implement investments and take measures that preserve local independence while building and strengthening regional cooperation, and also actively seek inter sectorial coordination and cooperation. Mutually beneficial and environmentally sound linkages between rural and urban areas.
The city we need is renewable and able to withstand and continue to assess risks and build the capacity of local stakeholders, individuals and communities to prepare for and absorb the acute and chronic natural and human stresses and recovery.
This city works to avoid or prevent such events whenever possible and to protect vulnerable populations before, after and after these events. The city we need recognizes that it has the same resilience as most of its population from vulnerable and marginalized groups, and strives to ensure long-term sure In addition, these cities support the reform of the ecosystem and regional and city-level food systems, which include urban and semi-urban food production, community farming, multi-tasking and adaptable infrastructures that promote biodiversity.